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liver fluke

Liver Fluke

Liver Fluke
There has been an increase in the number of camelids infected with Liver Fluke, one is known to have died. Liver Fluke is especially prevalent in very wet conditions such as in the West Country, Wales, the NW of England and Western Scotland since the fluke larvae are spread by a particular type of water snail that thrives in wet conditions and ponds. Ponds can be fenced off to reduce the problem. Llamas show signs of weight loss, oedema and jaundice so watch out for these and consult your vet if worried. One needs to use special types of wormer against flukes and these can be different at different times of the year depending upon whether adult flukes or migrating larvae are to be targeted, your vet can advise.
It is also advisable to ensure that your clostridial vaccinations are current since flukes, by weakening the liver, can make your llamas more susceptible to clostridial disease.

Health & Welfare Bulletin No.22 : Bluetongue & Liver Fluke

Have you placed you order for Bluetongue vaccine yet with your vet?  If not, please do so now.
The recommendation from the Royal Veterinary College and the British Veterinary Camelid Society is to administer your booster vaccination of 1ml to camelids already vaccinated and two doses of 1ml to crias not vaccinated last year, in March/ April 09.  There should be a minimum of 2 weeks between giving BTV8 vaccine and any other vaccination. It is also recommended that you try to use the same make of vaccine for the booster that you used last year. Please discuss this with your vet.
Recently, Liver Fluke has been reported as a big problem in camelids. A number of animals have been lost due to it. Know your animals and keep an eye on any abnormal behaviour such as progressive loss of body condition/weight, anaemia, pale membranes and swelling below the jaw (in severe cases).
Liver Fluke is easily treated so keep an eye on your stock for signs.  If you are worried, please talk to your vet, it is better to be safe than sorry.