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Movement Records

Bio-Security and Movement Records
All llama owners should really keep accurate records of when animals have arrived, left, been born or died on their small holding/farm. For all other livestock species, this is a legal requirement, but it is good practice for everyone.     The BLS provides a free movement record book for all members which you should have received when registering your first llama(s). If you do not have one please do let the registrar know and one will be put in the post. Alternatively movement records can be held in an ‘on farm’ computer system. Please check the DEFRA website for this.   It is important to keep movement records so that you can show potential customers a continuous record of all the animal movements onto and off your holding. Additionally and most importantly, in the event of a disease break down at your own place, you can quickly trace anyone who needs to be told. If there is a problem on another smallholding/farm, you can easily find out if and when your herd had any physical contact, and if precautions or testing are necessary. And for your own interested, it is very interesting to keep a full record of the development of your own herd.

Additionally,
please do make sure you take the time to let the registrar know about any births, deaths and sales in order to keep your herd records up to date.

Registrar email:
Registrar@BritishLlamaSociety.org

Parasite Forecast

The National Animal Disease Information Service (NADIS) have a July Parasite Forecast and other useful information – now including a Camelid Section and an new app for tablets and phones – as always please use the information in conjunction with advice from your Vet. You can use this link to access NADIS or find them at www.nadis.org.uk

Obesity In Llamas

Body Condition Scoring your llamas

When I asked my vet what would be top of his list for inclusion in our health and welfare bulletin yesterday he immediately said
OBESITY, particularly in gelded males. Llamas are designed to be very svelte and to live on very sparse vegetation, so no wonder our national herd has a weight issue! You only have to look at all that lovely "fast food" in our green and pleasant land at this time of year to see the problem. To compound the over-abundance our llamas also suffer from a lack of good healthy exercise as they don‘t generally have to cover very much ground to find what they need, whereas super-fit llamas on the alti-plano will travel miles to achieve adequate grazing.

One of the many problems associated with obesity in llamas is liver disease or hepatic lipidosis (think pate de foie gras from force-feeding the poor old ducks and geese, otherwise known as hepatic lipidosis on toast, and you get the picture!)

There is of course every temptation to treat our llamas and to use food as a means of establishing trust or compliance, plus they will always tell us that they are ABSOLUTELY starving and desperately need more concentrates! The bottom line, however, is that most of them don‘t need anything more than grass, hay and vitamin/mineral supplements, they generally don‘t need extra calories . Exceptions to this might be during late pregnancy, lactation or at times of rapid growth in youngsters but the message is always: don‘t just guess, cop a feel! In terms of body condition scoring, you need to manually check the spine, the ribs and the brisket, that part of the front of the chest between the two front legs - and if you can find a big bowl of jelly there that‘s bad news on the obesity stakes! You can also visually check the llama from behind to see how much daylight there is between the upper thighs, which should be really quite lean, well defined and muscular, not rounded and rubbing together! The links below explain more about how to condition-score by feeling the spine and ribs and if you can get into the habit of doing this routinely then you can correct your llamas‘ diet accordingly.

It is extremely difficult to get the weight off an obese llama but if you are concerned then please consult your vet about the best way forward. At the other end of the scale, if you check your llama and feel that it is only registering a condition score of 1 then definitely consult your vet because this is more usually indicative of a problem other than a straightforward lack of nutrition, especially if all your other llamas are scoring somewhat higher.

The llama featured in this first link is morbidly obese whilst the alpaca is much too thin. Top tips would be not to feel the pelvic bone area at the back of the rump because this is always very bony anyway, but if your llama‘s back reminds you of a beach ball or a table top then it‘s time for it to cut the concentrates and hit the gym!

http://www.wetzelsauto.com/documents/BodyScoring.pdf

http://www.littlehamletalpacas.co.uk/images/alpaca-body-conditions.png

https://www.openherd.com/userPhotos/Large/2011_634396314490160000.jpg


(Many thanks to Annie Austen of Watertown Llamas for this article)

Preventable disease protection

Preventable disease protection - are your llamas covered?
Clostridial infections in llamas are known to be a cause of very unpleasant and
rapidly fatal disease. These infections progress very quickly and so the casualties
may be found already dead or dying. Unfortunately even intensive treatment with
antibiotics is rarely effective. Clostridial bacteria are ubiquitous and produce
spores, which persist for long periods in the soil making some pastures particularly
hazardous. Disturbing the soil can bring old buried spores back up to the surface,
so activities such as ploughing and trenching for land drains, or even fresh mole
hills can make the pasture dangerous again. Disease outbreaks are
often precipitated by 'trigger factors', ranging from changes in management to
parasitic activity or traumatic damage to organs, so healthy llamas in good
condition will be less vulnerable. The good news is that vaccines are readily
available and can provide effective protection against most forms of clostridial
disease encountered in the UK. TWO injections, at least four to six weeks apart,
are required initially. Thereafter, the vaccinated animals, including adults,
require booster injections every twelve months. If you let protection lapse by
missing an annual injection then you would need to give the two injections four to
six weeks apart again. Breeding females should be vaccinated four weeks
before calving to ensure their colostrum contains high levels of antibodies to
protect the newborn cria. Failure to vaccinate our livestock would raise concerns
that losses due to clostridial disease might reach the same high levels that existed

in the UK before a vaccine was available. Llamas that are pastured with sheep and
other livestock are at higher risk of exposure to clostridial disease, particularly if
those sheep are also unvaccinated.

There are several vaccines to choose from, including Covexin, Heptovac and
Lambivac. Heptovac vaccinates against eight strains of clostridial species, as does
Covexin 8. Lambivac however only vaccinates against the four main clostridial
species but some vets consider that it gives better protection against these four
most common and most deadly types than the eight-way vaccines do, even though
these offer a wider coverage of more species. The thinking is that the llama can
mount a better immune response to the four strains if it is not being challenged to
produce antibodies to combat all eight strains at the same time. If you are unsure
which way to go it‘s best to discuss it with your vet. If you acquire llamas that are
up to date with Covexin or Heptovac but you prefer to use Lambivac, you
can simply switch to Lambivac when the next annual injection is due. If you
acquire llamas previously protected with Lambivac but you want the eight-way
protection, then you would need to give the two jabs of Covexin or Heptovac four
to six weeks apart to create immunity to the additional strains.

Spring Grass!
It‘s that time of year again and with the first flush of spring grass that parasite
called Nematodirus leaps into life too! Now is a good time to submit poo samples
to your vet or to the lab to check worm counts and treat accordingly! Talk to your
vet about the correct dosing for camelids and how best to vary the type of wormer
you use in order to avoid the parasites developing a resistance.


THANKS TO ANNIE AUSTEN OUR NEW HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORTER.
8 May 2015

Microchipping

Microchipping – now mandated for all llamas born after April 2009 and all llamas that change hands from now on.

It has been very clear to the BLS Board that some form of mandatory identification and registering of all camelids is likely to be imposed by DEFRA. BLS already operates an effective registration system but so far has not asked members to use a method of identification such as ear tags or microchips. Nobody who owns a llama wants to see the mandated use of ear tags: they are unsightly but more importantly, because llamas are browsers, there is a real danger that they could be ripped out, leading to ear damage. Martin Hillson, one of our Welsh members, had a look at the pros and cons of microchipping and his article on the topic was published in the December 2008 Newsletter. Martin concluded that microchips were widely used in a variety of animals with a very low incidence of problems. Camelids are the only large animal now that DEFRA do not legislate for mandatory identification. Most animals have to be microchipped and ear tagged. We must be seen by DEFRA to be the responsible Society that we are and with our Registry and identification of animals in place, we feel this will be achieved.

The BLS Board concluded that the use of microchips for the identification of llamas should be introduced from 2009. However the Board also felt that, since this was such an important and perhaps controversial topic, the membership should be asked to approve this move at the 2009 Annual General Meeting.

The final resolution for discussion and voting was: That all llamas changing ownership and all crias born after April 2009 must be microchipped. The resolution was well publicised before the meeting to allow members to join in the debate or to vote by proxy should they not be able to get to the AGM. At the AGM views for and against the proposal were put forward and debated, and the meeting overwhelmingly voted in favour of adopting this resolution.

The Society has purchased a stock of microchips at a very advantageous price of £4.15 each. Postage (for up to two - currently 93p) is also payable and they can be obtained from the registrar at "Aysgarth" Clipston Lane Normanton on the Wolds Notts NG12 5NW or by sending an email request to
registrar@britishllamasociety.org together with full payment made out to the British Llama Society. This price is very reasonable and once the microchips are gone, a new quote will have to be obtained. Make the most of this great offer now.

Insertion tools are not required, the applicator incorporates the chip which should be inserted in the necks of the llamas. This is easily done by your vet and can be combined with a vaccination visit to keep costs down. Reports from several members who have already had chips inserted is that it is quick and easy and causes minimum discomfort to the animal, none of whom have suffered any ill effects.

Foot Rot in Camelids

South American Camelids have a soft pad and a terminal toenail. Neither llamas nor alpacas have been reported to suffer from infectious foot rot. The pad may look eroded and pitted, especially in wet weather. Treatments with formalin or zinc sulphate do not seem to be effective. Animal husbandry methods must be used to keep the feet dry. Copper sulphate is not only ineffective but dangerous on account of the toxicity. Eroded pads do not seem to cause lameness and often seem to be self limiting. They should not be confused with infectious foot rot.

Overgrown toes are common in SACs in the UK when animals are continually kept on soft ground. They should be trimmed regularly.  Naturally SACs can damage both their hooves and the integument near to the hooves with all manner of different injuries. This should not be confused with foot rot. Each injury should be treated separately. Naturally if owners have any doubts they should consult their veterinary advisors.




Thank you to
Graham Duncanson who is a vet on BCL and BVCS


G DUNCANSON

International Camelid Health Conference

Seasonal guidance notes

  • This is the time of year when a few reminders don't go amiss:

  • 1.If you are thinking about re-seeding any of your grazing land, do consider plants that have a deep rooting system. They hugely increase the ability of the plants to extract nutrients from the soil at depth. The improve the soil condition by penetrating chalk and rock to a great depth. When the soil dries out, the plants that keep growing are those with the deepest roots. they will never yield like rye grass/clover ley on heavy ground but camelids do not need a hugely rich ley. Talk it over with your seed merchant.

  • 2.Due to the weather conditions flies are becoming more than a nuisance for both livestock and people, causing irritation and stress and are also responsible for the spread of various diseases. Flies breed in manure piles, quickly forming into large numbers. Try to keep your manure piles as far away from your shelters and grazing areas a possible. There are various products on the market to help eliminate flies so talk to your local agricultural merchant and vet. Not all fly control products are suitable for camelids.

  • 3.There is a RED alert out for Liver Fluke in the livestock industry so keep an eye on your camelids. Fortunately, effective controls are available. If you are concerned, take a poo sample to your bet for analysis and make sure you ask for a liver fluke check. Your vet can help you and give advice.

  • 4.Also due to weather conditions over this last year, mycotoxin in feed could well be a challenge to ruminants. Claire E Whitehead BVM&S MS MRCVS, Diplomate ACVIM (Large Animals) has written the following advice for camelids :

  • “Mycotoxins can be a risk in any mouldy feed including grains and stored forages: it is important to note that feed contaminated with mycotoxins may not however be visibly mouldy. Mycotoxins can affect any species. Clinical syndromes vary depending on the mycotoxin and can include gastrointestinal disturbances, liver disease, haemorrhage, neurological signs or sudden death. Signs may be vague and present as many "sick camelids" do with anorexia, lethargy, weakness and depression. So there are no really specific clinical signs to look for. Just keep a close eye on your animals and if any appear to be unwell, call the vet to examine the animal: if nothing in particular is found, insist on thorough blood work being done. Any animals that die suddenly should always be post-mortemed as findings may be suggestive of mycotoxins and the knowledge is useful for helping the remaining animals in the herd.”

  • 5.Don't forget, autumn is a perfect time for parasites and a large number of Haemonchus victims in alpacas has been reported recently. Autumn is a good time to check faecal samples.

  • 6.Heavy and sustained periods of rain falling from April onwards have left us with poor quality grass, despite large volumes in fields. Grass has largely been very low in energy combined with exceedingly low dry matter content. Consequently, animals have only been able to consume low dry matter intakes causing prolonged periods of energy deficit. Hopefully, you all have your hay in for the winter by now. If you feed hard feed, it will be in scarce supply and therefore the prices will be at record levels. If at all possible, buy in bulk or consider sharing with near-by camelid farmers so you can order more and keep the price down. there is a chance that prices may fall later on in the winter but there is no guarantee !

  • 7.If, during the winter we get any long spells of freezing weather, keep an eye on your animals and make sure they are drinking. Some camelids, normally the older animals, are not keen on freezing water and may not take up liquids. A small amount of warm water will help. One of the first signs is your camelid will not be ruminating (chewing the cud). If you are in any doubt, contact your vet.

  • LIZ BUTLER

  • Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative.

  • Nutfield Park Farm, South Nutfield, Redhill, Surrety.

  • Tel. 01737 823375

Bulletin No. 39 : Various matters

UNUSUALLY WET, WINDY AND COLD WEATHER:

Although camelids are strong, fit animals and used to extremes in temperature, they are not used to the type of weather we have been experiencing lately in the UK.

If you are expecting cria, please make sure you have cria coats to keep the little ones warm and dry. If you can put both Mum and cria undercover for the first 24 hours, until the cria has completely dried off and is getting sustenance from Mum, this would be advisable. If you are unable to house your cria, keep a good eye on it and make sure it is not suffering.

bTB – BADGER CULL:

A meeting has been arranged for July 10th at Stoneleigh Park to discuss the badger cull with the NFU. The NFU are the organization who is coordinating the cull. If you would like to attend this meeting, please do let me know ASAP. I will then send you the agenda and the timings. We don’t have these yet!

VET STUDENTS:

I have been asked by the education arm of DEFRA to give them details of anyone who would be willing to give students an opportunity to gain practical experience of working with camelids. If you would be happy to give a student a placement for as short or as long as you wish, please let me know.

MITES AND LICE:
Lice infestations of livestock are usually seen during winter but due to the weather conditions over the last winter and now with a wet and humid summer, we have had reports of both sucking and biting lice found on camelids. Lice cause intense itching resulting in damage to hides and fleece from scratching. Lice are usually host specific and can be divided into blood sucking (Anoplura) and biting (Mallophaga) lice. They spend their entire lifecycle on the host.
Mange or scabies in livestock is a skin condition caused by microscopic mites in or on the skin. The mites cause intense itching and discomfort which is associated with decreased feed intake and production. Scratching and rubbing results in extensive damage to hides and fleece.
Mites are able to cause mange on different species of livestock but are somewhat host specific, thus infecting some species more severely than others.
The three most important types of mange are:


    Please check your animals regularly for signs. If you are at all worried, call your vet. He may well take skin samples to identify the problem. Both mites and lice can be treated but it is also very contagious so treat early if you have a problem.
    SCHMALLENBERG VIRUS:

    So far we have not had any reports of Schmallenberg Virus in camelids. Please inform me if your vet diagnoses it in your herd.

    STOLEN ALPACAS:

    We have been informed that, in South West County Durham, five Alpacas were stolen through the night on 25thJune. A mature brown pregnant female, two female yearlings’ - one dark brown the other lighter brown, a young entire male apricot, and a white castrated male aged 3. Two of their other females had given birth through the night (presumably a result of the stress)! They are much loved family pets and their owners are devastated. They would be really grateful for notification of any animals being offered for sale, or any details you think might help locate them.
    If you have any information then please contact Yvonne Wilkinson on 01388 710749 or mobile 07535 696480

    TRANSPORTING PREGNANT CAMELIDS:

    Over the last few months, I have received a number of camelid auction catalogues. I would like to remind all camelid owners that the camelid industry comes under the Welfare of Animals Act, and transporting animals in their last 10% of pregnancy and/or with new born is not permitted in the livestock industry. Camelids are not classed as livestock at present, but the British Veterinary Camelid Society (BVCS) recommend we come under the same legislation as the livestock industry and we certainly are covered under the Welfare of Animals Act. Please think about the welfare of your dams if you have to transport them during the last 10% of their pregnancy. This should only be done on advice from your vet.

    I have received two telephone calls recently from people who have purchased camelids at auction to find that either the following day or a couple of weeks later, the female has produced a cria! Thank goodness these new owners were good enough to contact The British Llama Society for help.

    WINTER HAY:

    Unless we have a spell of bright, warm weather, hay could well be in short supply again. The grass has grown but it is a case of getting on the land due to the wet weather. It is a good idea, if you have to buy your hay in, to pre-order from your local farmer. He will be able to give you a better idea, going on where you live, as to the availability of hay.



    LIZ BUTLER
    Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative
    Nutfield Park Farm, South Nutfield, REDHILL, Surrey
    Tel: 01737-823375



    British Llama Society - a company limited by guarantee. Registered in England no. 04897204.
    Registered office: Mansion House, Princes Street, Yeovil, Somerset BA20 1EP.

    AHVLA TB report

    Validation of ante mortem TB tests in Camelids

    Project FT1477 Final Report from the
    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency TB Research Group
    click here to read the full report and here for the presentation slides from the British Alpaca Society meeting at which the report was presented on the 24 March 2012.

    Health & Welfare Bulletin No. 36 : Winter Catch Up

    Remember if we have a really cold spell, below freezing for a number of days, always break any ice on the water and look out for signs of your camelids not drinking. Some camelids will not drink freezing water. In these cases (very few) add a little hot water to the bucket so the water is cold but not icy and check the animal drinks some. Hay is very dry and therefore our animals need more water in the winter than in the summer when they get a lot of their water from the grass.

    I expect many of you will be aware of the proposed badger cull in England. Due to this contentious decision by the Government and the high cost of policing, it will not take place until after the Para-Olympics, i.e. back end of the year.

    In the farming press and various newspapers, it has been reported that a number of Veterinary Laboratory Agencies (VLA) are to close. There will be only six remaining in operation: 1) Shrewsbury, 2) Penrith, 3) Sutton Bonnington 4) Bury St.Edmonds, 5) Newcastle, 6) Star Cross.
    BUT this only refers to the laboratories; the actual VLA where you take animals for post mortem will remain open for the time being. If the VLA find anything they are not happy about they will send samples to a laboratory that has stayed open.
    If you have an animal die unexpectedly or in suspicious circumstances, please get your vet to carry out a post mortem or ask your vet to make arrangements for it to have a post mortem at your local VLA.

    As time goes by, we are finding more and more camelids need to be re-homed. Some of these cases are genuine but we are finding some people have taken on animals and then suddenly decided they don’t want them anymore!

    Camelids can live for over 20 years. Have you made provision for your camelids to be looked after and cared for should a disaster befall you? This may sound hard, but please think about what would happen to your lovely animals if you were no longer around to look after them.
    Make provision in your will. Do you have a reliable family member who would take them on? Ask another member of BLS (providing them with the finance) to care for your animals.

    The BLS Board is considering the setting up of a fund and more details will be in the spring edition of Llama Link. You could run coffee mornings, bring and buy sales or just give money. This would be ‘ring fenced’ for the welfare of beautiful animals that need help.
    We are also in the market for a philanthropic person who would like to donate a farm to the whole of the camelid industry as a refuge/rescue centre. Put your thinking caps on!!


    LIZ BUTLER
    Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative
    Nutfield Park Farm, South Nutfield, REDHILL, Surrey Tel: 01737-823375

    JOIN BLS

    There is further and additional information regarding Health and Welfare and much more, available to members through the Members Only area of the Forum - you can apply on line.

    Health & Welfare Bulletin No.35 : Autumn Catch Up

    Autumn has arrived and hopefully you all have your winter feed either in stock or reserved for you.

    If you have hard feed left over from last winter, check it for signs of mould. If mouldy, throw it away as it could harbor bacteria. (My birds love it but if you feed the birds, do it out of the reach of vermin or you are asking for trouble).

    Now is a good time to give the annual vaccination to your animals. They should all have had a good summer with nice grass to get them ready for the winter ahead. (Hopefully we will not have as bad a winter as the last two winters have been.) Worming should also be considered.

    Due to the weather conditions, Horse Chestnut trees and Oak trees have been producing a huge number of conkers and acorns. Both of these, in quantity, are poisonous to Camelids. It would be a good idea to collect as many of these seeds as possible if you have them in your fields and remove them. Usually camelids do not bother eating them BUT if the grass has now been eaten down or the animal are a bit stressed, they tend to turn to conkers and acorns. Weanlings are a high risk in this respect as they are stressed about ‘Mum’ not being around anymore.

    Remember if we have a really cold spell, below freezing for a number of days, always break any ice on the water and look out for signs of your camelids not drinking. Some camelids will not drink freezing water. In these cases (very few) add a little hot water to the bucket so the water is cold but not icy and check the animal drinks some. Hay is very dry and therefore our animals need more water in the winter than in the summer when they get a lot of their water from the grass.

    Don’t forget, you all have a Regional Representatives to help with any problems. You will find their names and details on the back of the Llama Link magazine. Please do not feel embarrassed contacting them – that is what they are there for.



     
    LIZ BUTLER
    Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative
    Nutfield Park Farm, South Nutfield, REDHILL, Surrey Tel: 01737-823375

    20 September 2011

    Health & Welfare Bulletin No.33 : Wasps and Bees

    *** Caution - Wasps and Bees ***

    There have been reports of some very unfortunate incidents involving large animals and stinging insects. The animals have been stung badly and have required veterinary treatment.
    All owners are advised to check round the hedges of their paddocks on a fine day. If you notice an unusual amount of insect activity, check whether there is a wasps nest or a bee swarm established in the hedge. If there is and any of your animals inadvertently go too close or disturb the nest, the occupants will do what comes naturally which is to sting and chase the 'predator' away. When the insect attacks (or defends its nest depending on your point of view), it burrows down through the coat until it reaches the skin. When they sting, both wasps and bees emit a pheromone which attracts their nest mates to come and help. If the predator does not move away quickly, more insects will sting.
    Neither wasps nor bees will sting unless they perceive they are in danger. There are no 'killer bees' in this country and, even if there were, they would still not actively seek out a subject to attack, contrary to the popular depiction in the movies!
    If you find a nest, determine whether it is wasps or bees. Wasps have distinct black and yellow stripes. They form their nest out of chewed wood pulp. It is usually roughly spherical and will be hanging from a branch in the hedge. Bees have more muted colours, ranging from completely dark to those with yellow segments on their abdomens. They build parallel, vertical combs from beeswax which are protected by a cluster of bees.
    You will need to get a pest controller to deal with a wasps nest. If you can get in touch with the local beekeeping association, one of its members may well be prepared to come and collect a swarm.
    If possible, move your animals to another paddock until the nest has been removed. If this is not possible, fence it off from their attentions.
     

    Health & Welfare Bulletin No.31 : General guidance

    ANNUAL VACCINATIONS:
    Are you animals up to date with their regular vaccinations ?

    WORMING:
    A number of you re-locate your animals to their summer grazing at this time of year. Check for worms before you move them. Either worm them or send samples to your vet for analysis. There is no point in taking worms to new pastures when it is so easy to prevent.

    FLYSTRIKE:
    Due to the weather conditions we have already had a number of instances of flystrike. Check your animals regularly. Look under the tail first as flies need warm, damp conditions to lay their eggs but look all over the animal.

    SHEARING:
    Although llamas do not necessarily need to be shorn, I have seen a number of animals recently that have long, very matted coats. It is not good for them to be like this. The wind blows and picks up the matt’s and the rain gets to the skin and that is when they get cold. Also it is difficult to see if your llama is loosing weight or if it gets fly strike, Think about having your animals shorn. There are a number of camelid shearers who are happy to shear llamas.

    FEED:
    Winter hay is going to be short again this year especially in the south and south east. Now is the time to contact your local farmer and put your order in. If you have space to store hay, ask if you can pick it up from the field as it may cost less. Last winter hay was being sold for as much as £10 per small bale, let’s hope we don’t have those prices this year !!

    MICROCHIPS:
    I still have a small supply of microchips at a cost of £4.15 each. Please send a cheque made out to British Llama Society together with a self addressed stamped jiffy bag if you wish to purchase any, to me at Nutfield Park Farm, South Nutfield, REDHILL, Surrey RH1 5PA.

     
    LIZ BUTLER
    Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative

    Health & Welfare Bulletin No.30 : Defra CPH numbers & vaccine updates

    The following statement has been put up on the DEFRA web site regarding County Parish Holding (CPH) numbers for Camelid keepers:

    Camelids
    Currently camelids (llamas, alpacas, guanacos and vicunas) are not currently regulated in terms of registration and movement.
    Whether you keep one animal as a pet or a commercial herd you need to be registered. Before moving animals to your holding you need to apply to the appropriate organisation shown below for a County Parish Holding (CPH) number for the land where the livestock will be kept.
    Rural Payments Agency (in England and Wales)
    Rural Inspectorate (Wales)(contact your local Welsh Assembly Government Divisional Office)
    Rural Payments and Inspections Directorate (RPID) (Scotland)


    BLUETONGUE:
    The recommendation for 2011 from Animal Health is talk to your vet regarding vaccinating for Bluetongue this year. It is not being encouraged or discouraged by AH.

    ANNUAL VACCINATIONS:
    Are your animals up to date with their regular vaccinations?

    WORMING:
    A number of you relocate your animals to their summer grazing at this time of year. Check for worms before you move them. Either worm them or send samples to your vet for analysis. There is no point in taking worms to new pastures when it is so easy to prevent.

    A very big thank you to all of you who took part in the worm survey sent out by Jacqueline Lusat. Hopefully an article will be written up for the Llama Link.

    SURVEYS:
    From time to time, BLS will be sending out surveys when we are approached by the animal authorities, i.e. DEFRA, AH, VLA and veterinary students. It is most helpful if these are completed and returned and I thank all who do respond. It is the only way we are going to learn more about our beautiful animals.



    LIZ BUTLER - Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative


    Health & Welfare Bulletin No.29 : Important Issues

    BLUETONGUE:
    Have you vaccination your herd this year ?
    To date Bluetongue has not been reported in the UK and we wish to be part of the livestock industry to keep it that way. Please be responsible.

    ANNUAL VACCINATIONS:
    Are you animals up to date with their regular vaccinations ?

    WORMING:
    A number of you re-locate your animals to their summer grazing at this time of year. Check for worms before you move them. Either worm them or send samples to your vet for analysis. There is no point is taking worms to new pastures when it is so easy to prevent.

    FLYSTRIKE:
    Due to the weather conditions we have already had a number of instances of flystrike. One has even resulted in death !
    Check your animals regularly. Look under the tail first as flies need warm, damp conditions to lay their eggs but look all over the animal.

    LIVERFLUKE:
    This is more common from September to November but due to the amount of rain we have had recently, some land is still boggy and wet. Your animal will lose weight and generally be subdued. It may have diarrhea but also may just be less active and stop eating. If suspicious, send a dung sample to your vet for checking. Be sure to ask for a liver fluke test.

    DEATHS:
    If you in an unfortunate position and find yourself with a dead animal, it is recommended that you send it away for a post mortem. This can be arranged by your vet. Under NO CIRCUMSTANSES BURY THE CARCAS – THIS IS ILLEGAL. It must be disposed of in a safe and proper manner. Your local Animal Health can give you name of your nearest abattoir.

     
    LIZ BUTLER
    Vice Chairman BLS & Health & Welfare Representative